Comparative Phytochemical Composition and Functional Group Detection of Annona muricata Linn Seeds and Leaves

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Chinyere Onuoha
Emmanuel C. Nwachi
Emmanuel U. Nwanya
Olachi L. Osuagwu
Winifred N. Nsofor
Chiamaka P.  Nzebude
Favour N. Ujowundu
Chieme S. Chukwudoruo


Annona muricata Linn (A. muricata) belongs to the Annonaceae family, it is well-known for its high nutritional index and therapeutic relevance in traditional medicine. Aim of the study: To determine and compare the bio-active compounds profiled from selected parts of the A. muricata plant. In addition, study findings is aimed at advancing pharmacological knowledge of selected plant parts of A. muricata. Gas chromatography-Mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy were utilised to comparatively profile the phytochemical compositions of the ethanolic extracts of A. muricata seeds and leaves. From GC-MS analyses, nineteen phytochemical compounds were identified in the ethanolic extract of A. muricata seeds while eighteen phytochemical compounds were identified in the ethanolic extract of A. muricata leaves. Comparatively, cyanogenic glycosides, resveratrol and tannin were identified uniquely from A. muricata seeds, while the cardiac glycosides and anthocyanin were identified uniquely from A. muricata leaves. The FT-IR analyses confirmed the presence of C-Cl, C-O, C=C, N-H, SCN and -OH functional groups. However R2CHOH and R-COO were identified uniquely in A. muricata seeds and leaves respectively. These findings will be relevant in plant pharmacology and the development of enhanced medical strategies. 


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Onuoha, C., Nwachi, E. C., Nwanya, E. U., Osuagwu, O. L., Nsofor, W. N., Nzebude, C. P., Ujowundu, F. N., & Chukwudoruo, C. S. (2023). Comparative Phytochemical Composition and Functional Group Detection of Annona muricata Linn Seeds and Leaves: Tropical Journal of Phytochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2(2), 59–64. Retrieved from


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